Arts & Crafts Movement
The international Arts and Crafts movement was prominant between 1880 and 1910, particularly in Europe and North America. It was a movement in decorative and fine arts that focused on traditional and simplistic craftsmanship, typically using romantic, folk or medieval styles of decoration. It was seen as an attempt to move away from the contemporary styles that had grown in popularity along with mass machine production.
One of the names associated with the movement was William Morris, whose designs and writings were very influential in establishing the look and feel of the period.