Bauhaus - literally translated as 'construction house' - was a school of art, architecture and design which operated from 1919 to 1933 in Weimar, Germany. Founded by Walter Gropius, it was considered the most influential and revolutionary art school of the 20th century due to its understanding of art in wider relation to society and technology.

It replaced the traditional pupil-teacher relationship with the idea of a community of artists working together to bring art and design back into an equal standing with everyday life and focused on reuniting creativity with manufacturing, as had been attempted by the earlier trends such as the Arts and Craft movement. It was also renowned for its faculty which included artists/teachers Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, László Moholy-Nagy and Josef Albers.